On 26th march 2012, the NGO International Transparency-France has published a report in which it has classified D.R. Congo among countries that are the most corrupted of the planet.
According to that report, about 55% of recipe of the public treasure disappear because of corruption.
In fact, the development to which, we, Congolese nation is aspiring can only be possible if we commit to change our mentality, because it is by us, with us and for us that D.R. Congo will be developed.
The culture of corruption and diversion that we already have adopted and that characterizes by now our daily practices constitutes a real brake to the development and makes us the genuine enemies of that development.
What is corruption?
The dictionary defines corruption as the fact of giving money (or other advantages) to a worker so that he can act dishonestly.
And the diversion?
As for the diversion, the dictionary defines it as the fact for a worker to take for him money that was not destined to him.
What are the causes of corruption and diversion?
In D.R. Congo, corruption and diversion have multiple causes. However, we are going to quote some of them:
1. The Dictatorship
One of the first missions of the dictatorship is indeed to snatch the independence to the justice. Once the justice has lost its independence, it becomes then an instrument that the power uses to punish those who violate the fundamental principle of dictatorship which is the absolute silence. As leaders do already have the justice under their control, they can then divert the possessions of the State and take the bribe without shame nor fear.
2. The Impunity
Impunity and dictatorship are linked up.
As it has been said in the previous paragraphs, when the justice loses its independence, leaders stop being afraid, because they know they are above the law and can no longer, to this effect, be subjects to the judiciary pursuits. Therefore, leaders indulge in illegal practices among which the corruption and the diversion, and the justice is not going to intervene.
That inaction of the justice in the face of the violation of the law by those who have promulgated it and who are supposed to respect it and make it respected, encourages the rest of the population to violate also the law.
3. The Slowness of our administration
One of the features of our administration is the slowness.
In fact, when a Congolese citizen solicits a service to the administration by following the normal procedure, it takes so long that he feels oblige to look for the shortcuts.
However, the Congolese citizen will end by giving bribe in order to motivate the worker who is in charge of providing the service to work on it quickly so that the Congolese citizen can get it on time.
4. The lack of trust between the administration and its civil servants.
In fact, concerning diversion, when a civil servant who is in charge of collecting money for the administration has collected it, he says to himself: if I let this money go in the till of the administration, it won’t come back to me at the end of the month, because the boss will take it and will not think of me. Therefore, I have to make it disappear before it gets in the till of the administration.
And concerning corruption, it is very difficult for a civil servant to refuse corruption while he knows that if the same corruption was given to his boss, he would have taken it.
5. The poor payment
The wages that the administration gives to its civil servants predispose them to divert the possessions of the State and to take the bribe.
Given the insufficiency of the wages to satisfy the needs of the civil servants, they indulge in corruption and diversion in order to fill in the deficit.
In D.R. CONGO, when somebody enters the administration, the first thing he does is to get himself surrounded by his family members in that administration even if their profiles are not compatible with jobs that are in that administration. He acts in this way because his main purpose is to give to his family members the chance to get reach, and to avoid the betrayal in all its forms whose people who do not belong to his family can be authors of if he hires them.
However, as these family members who enter the administration, not because they deserve but because the chief is a brother/sister do already know that the short time they have to spend in the administration is the unique occasion they have to get rich, because the day their brother/sister will leave the administration is the same day they will leave too, they then use the corruption and the diversion in order to get reach before the leaving of their brother.
It is deplorable to assist, today, in D.R. Congo, to the deterioration of the traditional values that put a particular emphasis on solidarity among people, and to the birth of the culture where the running to the individual interests sacrifices collective interests. This being, when a Congolese accesses a decision-making organ, he doesn’t see it as an occasion to serve, but to get rich.
Corruption and diversion are proofs that the Congolese has no longer a place in the existence of his fellow citizen, that what the Congolese sees are just his personal interests and that to satisfy them, he doesn’t assess the means he uses to see whether they impoverish his fellow citizen or not.
And to justify his individualism, he says: I am not the responsible of the dysfunction of the Congolese State. The problem is older than I am. It is since Mobutu; and it is not me who is going to change in a short time what billions of Congolese have destroyed during decades. Me too, my time has come to have what they left.
Otherwise, Mobutu is no longer there; and he won’t come any more. It is up to us now to fix things.
Unfortunately, we know by heart what others have to do, and we ignore what we have to do. We condemn others and forget that each one of us bears a solution to the problem of our Country.
However, we who do not make a part of the generation that has destroyed the D.R. Congo should then make a part of the generation that will rebuild the D.R. Congo.
What are consequences of corruption and diversion?
Consequences of corruption and diversion are numerous; however, the most dangerous is the impoverishment of the State.
In fact, we all know that the main mission the State is to satisfy the general interest.
However, when the State is power, it experiences difficulties to assume its responsibilities, among which the respect of the basic rights such as, the right to education, to health care, to clean water, to food, etc. Hence the intervention of the foreign humanitarian organizations.
Also, because of the same poverty due to corruption and diversion whose the Congolese State is victim, it finds itself unable to make investments thanks to which it can create employment and increase the recipe of the public treasure to fund the development of the country and pay workers whose the most important are soldiers and the policemen because they are in charge of security, and if they are not well paid, they insecure people instead of securing them. Also, enemies of peace can use them. Hence the resort to the international financial institutions to borrow money in order to fill the deficit caused by corruption and diversion.
Otherwise, corruption and diversion beget social injustice, because they promote illegal enrichments and social inequalities.
What are the solutions to the problems of corruption and diversion?
We think that the following elements should also make part of solutions to end corruption and diversion in D.R. Congo:
– The change of mentality
It is necessary for us Congolese in general to change our mentality, because we are not innocent. Each one of us has destroyed the country of his way. Therefore, we no longer need, we Congolese, to look for enemies of D.R. Congo and its development out of our national frontiers, because we are the ones.
-The replacement of dictatorship by democracy, governance and the promotion of the access to education.
In fact, it is only in a democratic regime where there is transparency in the management of public affairs, the separation between personal possessions of leaders and the possessions of the State and an independent justice thanks to which the impunity is absent.
Concerning education, it is an instrument that supports democracy because the excess of intellectuals is a big challenge for a dictatorial regime; while the governance puts a particular emphasis on three actors: the State, the private sector and the civilian society.
The State is the manager, the private sector is constituted of taxpayers and the civilian society pushes the State that is the manager to use the money paid by the taxpayers to improve life conditions of the population.