The Congolese families refuse to welcome the family planning.

???????????????????????????????The mentality change plays an important role in the process of creation of the well being for the family, the neighbourhood, the city and the country.
The family planning is a technique which allows families to determine the number of children they want to give birth to and when to have them.
It allows also a country to manage rationally its demography.
The family planning is one of the ways by which families can help the world to adapt to the reality according to which the world resources are limited.
In D.R. Congo, especially in the south kivu province, families have not believed in the family planning yet. There are so many reasons which cause them to not believe in it:
– kids are God’s blessings, this being, every Christian that uses the family planning is against God’s will.
– the infant mortality is high: families in D.R. Congo consider the fact of having a large number of kids as a response to the infant mortality.
– kids used to be, in the former time, a sign of wealth and power.
What I have noticed, after a long time of observation, is that when a family that lives with insufficient resources decide to give birth to a large number of kids, that family prepares its own failure.
D.R. Congo is the country where those in power do not give any service to the citizens. While healthcare and basic education are funded by the government in other countries, in D.R. Congo, parents are still the ones struggling to fund the healthcare and the basic education.
According to a report published by the UN programme for the development in 2011, more than 71 % of Congolese live with less than a dollar per day. The same report says that about 80 % of Congolese are unemployed, which means they have no revenue. But they continue giving birth to a large number of kids who when they will get sick, they won’t have the chance to see a doctor, when they will reach the school age, they won’t have the chance to sit in front of a teacher. They continue giving birth to a large number of kids who will never drink potable water or eat a nutritious food.
The situation described above is the one at the root of the high rate of the infant mortality in D.R. Congo.
In D.R. Congo, a family of 10 persons can share a piece of fish found after the mother’s inhuman struggle. And the big part of that piece of fish will be given to the father, chief of the family who always allocates his poor revenue to beer or to the payment of a ticket to watch football match on TV. The smallest part will be shared among the mother and the kids.
The family planning is a salvation for Congolese mothers who are coerced by their husbands and church leaders to give birth regularly. But given they have nothing to say about their body, then they can only admire the family planning but they cannot enjoy it.

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The non-use of the planning family puts women life as well as kids life at risk: women who give birth every year have no time to work in order to produce the revenue; women who give birth every year lose a lot of energy and do not have access to the nutritious food to get it back; women who give birth every year do not have enough time to rest because their families rely of them; women who give birth do not save money because to each delivery, which often requires caesarean, they will have to pay a lot of money. Some of them, after having delivered, have to stay in the hospital for months, because they lack the money to pay in order to be released. Others who want to go home and who do not have money to pay, can leave the document of their house or something important they have in their house in the hands of the hospital manager as a pledge in order to be released.
Women are just passing through this terrible situation because they did not get a chance to go to school. The basic education remains something expensive a poor parent cannot give to his children. Parents who work hard to find some money will prefer to send their male children in school and ask female children to behave well in order get married quickly because the revenue the family makes cannot send both male and female children in school.
When a woman misses education, she misses the right to own her body, her life and her future. When a woman misses education, she misses the right to decide when to have babies and how many she wants to have. When a woman misses education she becomes a machine of making babies any man can own.

The change of the mentality, a development factor.

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A friend of mine, Emmanuel Rusaka left Congo a year ago for Kenya for studies. He went to the Africa Nazarene University in Nairobi. As he was ambitious, on 14 of September he decided to enter a competition whose the winner would be the representative of the students community.
The candidates were 25 and the voters 500. The result is surprising because it attributes the victory to a Congolese while the majority of voters are Kenyans and the competition takes place in Kenya. For me Congolese, such a result carries a message: Kenyans are changing their mentality bit by bit.
And then I wondered: we Congolese, are we ready to vote for a foreigner living here in D.R.Congo when we are aware that he is up to the task he is applying for?
I think no. No because we have been educated to perceive the difference as an anti-value.
The educators had decided to tell us about the disadvantages of the difference and to not tell us about the advantages of the difference.
Indeed, we all know that over the three last decades the African continent has experienced devastating conflicts whose causes were related to ethnic or religious identity.
In 1994 a violent conflict opposing the Hutu to Tutsi arose in Rwanda. The conflict even led to genocide. In 2007 it was D.R. Congo’s turn. A rebel movement called National Congress for the Defense of the People is created to fight for the respect of the rights of the Banyamulenge ethnic group. This movement had launched the armed attacks during which so many people were killed, women raped and kids recruited. In 2013 the same situation occurred in South Soudan where a violent conflict had opposed the dinka ethnic group of which Salva Kiir is a son to the nuer ethnic group of which Riek Machar is a son. During the same year, Nigeria had been, for the first time, the victim of the barbarous acts committed by the Islamist sect Boko Haram and Central Africa, the victim of a terrible war between Christians and Muslims.
Kenyan students have decided to vote for a foreigner while other Africans are killing their fellow countrymen with whom they do not share the same religion or the tribe.
Those Kenyans, aren’t they teaching us? Can’t we learn from them?
Which progress have we already made since we use the exclusion based on the nationality, the religion or the tribe as a way of governing if not depriving ourselves of the new things persons who are different from us can offer?
Aren’t we poor because we believe that those who are different from us have nothing good to offer us?
For a very long time, leaders have learned how to manipulate the words nationality, tribe and religion to divide people in order to govern them for so long and in an abusive way. As a result, people are no longer strong, people have no longer the voice and have no longer the aspiration, people have no longer eyes to see. All what they do is now to venerate the nationality, the tribe, the religion. It becomes something like fanaticism. Their main enemy is no longer the one who violate their rights but the one with whom they do not share the nationality, the religion or the tribe.
In D.R. Congo, we are familiar with speeches like: you should vote for me because I am your son, don’t let a foreigner govern us, or even if your sun is stupid, don’t promote the son of your neighbour.
In 2006,during the vote in D.R. Congo, we heard some people saying: which tribe does he belong to? Where is this name from? Don’t make a mistake of voting for it, or he is one of us, don’t jump his name.
Questions like: is he the right person to be there? does he know why he should be there? does he know our main needs? Is he competent to represent us or to govern us were almost absent.
Unfortunately even the new generation of leaders think that the exclusion of differences is the powerful gun to use in order to access the power and exercise it for so long. They shouldn’t trust the exclusion. They should, by contrast, trust their ability to convince, their knowledge and experience.

Africa is now connected to the social networks.

téléphonie-mobileAccording to a post by the French Magazine Jeune Afrque and that the World Bank has shared with its followers on its face book page, every month, over 100 millions of Africans log on to face book, whose 80% on the mobile.

What about twitter, Google+, You Tube, Vimeo, Skype…? In the Jeune Afrique article, nothing has been developed about these other social networks, but what we know is that, this last period, numerous Africans are attracted by them.

Now Africa is connected to the social networks: an opportunity or a threat?

An opportunity. An opportunity because the social networks will open up Africa to the rest of the world. That openness will give to Africa not only an opportunity to share with the rest of the world its daily realities but  also to learn experiences and examples related to democracy, leadership and governance from the rest of the world.

An opportunity because the social networks can decrease considerably the statistics of unemployment in Africa. Indeed, the social networks will provide to Africa with an opportunity to attract investors by letting them know how the business climate has improved, by advertising for the local businesses and by informing people about the job opportunities which are so many online.

An opportunity because the social networks will enable the emergence of a non-infiltrated civilian society whose the main purpose is to inform the masses and to prevent those in power from abusing their power. As Africa is a youth continent, the social networks provide to those youth with an opportunity to make their voices heard, to let their vision known and to struggle for what they deserve.

An opportunity because the social networks will enable the birth and the growth of a generation of leaders in various fields and with various proficiencies because the social networks are not only a bank of knowledge, experiences and models of leaders but also a wide space where these new leaders can express themselves and partner with others locally and internationally.

However, challenges are still so many and large: in remote areas where the electricity is absent, people have to walk the whole day to find a place to re-charge the batteries of their mobile phones, some areas are not covered by the telephone network, so many youth have no money to go to the internet café, and so many youth are not able to do a rational selection of information. Therefore, the social networks become a place where they go to lose their time.

The included photo has been found on http://terangaweb.com/la-maturite-du-marche-de-la-telephonie-mobile-en-afrique/

There is no water in Bukavu.

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The raining season has begun, little by little, to give up the place to the dry season, season at which the access to the water becomes the greatest fight of poor families.

There is no water in Bukavu. For families to access it, people have to wake up in the middle of the night  or before five o’clock AM for those who are lazy, in order to access water.

The lack of water in Bukavu is also a war because it makes victims: some kids are crushed by vehicles  while trying to cross the road with gallons of water, others are drowning in Kivu lake and Ruzizi river while trying to fill their gallons with water, and others are even sacrificing school in order to access water. Young girls, pregnant women as well as old women, women of all ages are risking their lives in order to access water.

And leaders? Can’t they intervene?

The lack of water is a problem of poor people. Leaders live in the part of the city where water never stops to flow from the taps. And if it happens, they have tanks, they have vehicles that can carry gallons of water.

What can be done to solve this problem?

To solve this problem, the political will is very necessary, because D.R. Congo is one of countries with a very rich hydrography in the world.

The second thing is to privatize the water company.  According to the manager of the water company in Bukavu, the machines they use to treat and send water to people have been installed at the colonization time and with a capacity of delivering water to a narrow number of people. Now, the number of people have increased but  none of these machines has been replaced. If the water company is given to a private entrepreneur, he shall change the old machines and hire the qualified engineers in order to maximize his income, because whenever a house lacks water, he shall be the one losing.

No revolution, no change

D. R. Congo that is one of the most rich countries of the planet  thanks to its soil and subsoil, its fauna and flora, its hydrography and its cultural diversity, hosts one of the poorest people of the planet.

This paradox is probably the consequence of corruption, embezzlement, tribalism and many wars the country has experienced on one hand, and the lack of democracy, of an opposition that is able to challenge the bad actions of those who are in power and of a civilian society that is able to denounce any abuse of power, to inform and to mobilize the masses on the other hand.

Indeed, the above-listed factors are a real obstacle to the development of D.R. Congo; and those who are losing from them are so many than those who are benefiting from them. Those who are losing from them, it is thousandsof Congolese families who have no access to drinking water, to electricity and to healthcare, it is thousands of children without education and youth without employment. It is thousands of Congolese without future and with an uncertain present.

Before such a situation, the following questions are worth being asked: does the civilian society exist in D.R. Congo? And if it does exist, what is its main role? Is it able to start a peaceful revolution?

Indeed, the civilian society is a set of private organizations that are independent from the State and that fight for social justice,  social change, the interests of people… Among those organizations, we can mention: schools and universities, churches, mass media, NGOs, unions, associations…

In D.R. Congo, the civilian society is not independent. And instead of being a political actor, it is a political instrument used by those who are in power to paint the picture of a State that meetsdemocratic standards.

 As for the revolution, D.R. Congo is not ready for revolution because its masses that are the real victors of the army, the police and the courts that every totalitarian regime uses to protect itself are not united.  In D.R. Congo, the masses are dived by tribalism and the speeches of different religious leaders that prefer to use the theology of prosperity in order to make money and please the regime from which they beg.

D.R. Congo is not ready for the revolution because no one wants to sacrifice his life. Indeed, in D.R. Congo everyone wants the change, but no one wants to sacrifice himself for it,  while that change requires sacrifices.

D.R. Congo is not ready for the revolution because the media  and NGOs are not playing properly their role. Indeed, the media, through their programs, and NGOs, their reports, should have the role of putting the masses in contact with their reality so that they may judge it. The fact for the media to not have freedom to transmit the reality as it is, and  the NGOs, to publish their reports in the countries of donors deprives the Congolese masses of an important information they need in order to become responsible.

The other element that makes D.R. Congo to do not be ready for the revolution is fatalism. Indeed, in D.R. Congo, fatalism is one of the consequences of a long period of sufferings. And it has moreover reached a level so much high that now, so many Congolese think that a solution to their problems doesn’t exist, and that there is nothing they can do for their country, because, according to them, the problem has been there for so long, and some powerful people that tried to solve the problem were killed. Therefore, to not continue living into poverty, it is necessary to look for ways to collaborate with those who are in power.

Congolese people have to learn from others, in particular the Arabic countries. It is true that the Arabic countries have not completely changed, but the result of their first step is great: the change in relationships between the rulers and the ruled.

Furthermore, the opposition that could be a hope for the country is unfortunately mistreated by those who are in power. In order to play properly its role which is to challenge the bad actions of those who are in power in order to prevent them from violating the rights and freedoms of people, the opposition has the right to access the media and to organize meetings in order to exchange with people. Unfortunately , most of the times, the opposition is not allowed to enjoy the two rights.

In conclusion, if D.R. Congo that is one of the most rich countries of the planet continues to host one of the poorest people of the planet, it is because the Congolese masses take a long time to say enough is enough to those who are looting the country, violating the rights of people and getting reach from corruption and embezzlement.  The Congolese masses should know that they are the key to access a country where the principle of powers separation, pledge of democracy and development exists.

 

 

 

 

 

Only justice can heal our society

The M23 has announced on November 5th its renunciation to the violence it has been conducting for eighteen months.

Created to defend the democracy and the human rights in Democratic Republic of Congo and to compel the Cngolese government to respect the agreements it has signed with the National Congress for the Defense of the People, the M23 has chosen the violence as the most powerful strategy to reach its goals.

For this purpose, it has massacred civilians, raped women and recruited children.

Is it not today the right time to organize the lawsuit against these major violators of human rights?

At the moment, the M23 delegates are in Kampala asking the Congolese government to amnesty them, then to integrate their troops into the national army and to find positions for their political leaders.

Can such thought processes heal our society?

The M23 rebellion has come to its end of course, but it is then necessary to heal those who have been victims of it. Victims have been terribly traumatized that they need a much more effective therapy called justice.

Only justice can wipe the tears of victims and avoid a settlement of accounts that would plunge the whole region of great lakes into the civilian war.

Punishing the M23 would discourage all those that expect to use violence in order to access the power. It would also play an important role in the promotion of life respect and the reinforcement of the security, because for us to be secured, we do not need the over-armament of our country, but justice that works.

While amnestying them would make the violence a culture in our country and humiliate all the Congolese population.

However, amnestying those that have violated the basic rights of the population in order to access the power would be to construct peace on the impunity while every peace that is constructed on the impunity is fragile.

Burundi, D.R.Congo and Rwanda, lands of violence

When the violence becomes a culture of a nation, the means to claim the rights and a way to access the resources, the national unity becomes weak, citizens renounce to aspire to a common happiness and to trust one another. Then each group looks for reasons to attack the other, and the country falls into the chaos.
Indeed, the consequences of the violence that Burundi, D.R.Congo and Rwanda have recently experienced seem to be irreparable: children have been recruited and trained by the armed militias to kill, to rape and to loot.
Other children have been compelled to assist to the rape of their own mothers and sisters by the same armed militias.
The same children have seen their fathers being locked into houses before burning them. The belongings on which they counted to survive have been taken, and their villages have been transformed into battlefield on which husbands have executed theirs wives, suns their mothers, pastors their congregations and political leaders their fellow countrymen.
Given everything that has happened to us, is a peaceful future possible?
When people use violence to solve a problem in their society, they lose, in a short time, what will take them so long to get back: peace.
Whay?
Because the repair is never proportional to the damage. Because we shall kill people that we won’t be able to rise. Because we won’t be able to rebuild all what that we will have destroyed. Because victims will look for ways to get one’s revenge.
However, to avoid the violence in the coming days, we should know and let others know that life is a non-renewable resource. This being, we have to be careful with it. We should also understand that when the past stinks a lot, its smell destabilizes the present during which the future is prepared.
Also, to institute peace within these three countries, we have to know that the justice will be its price, and democracy, the pledge.
At this level, an important point seems worthy to be tackled: we all know that the three countries we are talking about in this article are among the poorest countries of the world while they are strongly populated, and the majority of their populations are youth.
However, these youth without education and employment, without anything else as opportunity, won’t they be used to restart violence again?
Don’t they have more opportunities in the violence than in peace?
Why should they privilege peace while they are not earning anything from it?
And what will they fear to lose in the violence? The education? The employment or the businesses?
Therefore, if we want them to privilege peace to the detriment of the violence, let give them the education, the employment and other many opportunities. When they will hear about the violence, they won’t support it, because they know they will lose so many things because of it.